Governor of Okinawa Denny Tamaki. (AP Photo/Koji Sasahara)
Japan’s central government resumed work at a disputed US military base relocation site on Thursday even though Okinawa residents see the project as an undemocratic imposition on the small southern island. An early stage of landfill work at Henoko on Okinawa’s east coast began Thursday morning, following the central government’s decision this week to reverse Okinawa’s earlier ban on landfill work at the site, said Satoshi Shirakata, a spokesman at the Okinawa Defense Bureau overseeing the project.
Construction workers were setting up floats using a crane to mark the designated landfill area, making it off-limits to the public, Shirakata said. Opponents gathered in paddle boats nearby, while Coast Guard patrol boats blocked them from reaching the site, and dozens of other demonstrators rallied outside a nearby US base to protest.
“It’s outrageous,” Okinawa’s Deputy Gov. Kiichiro Janaha told reporters in the prefectural capital of Naha, according to NHK television. “The central government is not considering Okinawan’s feelings at all.” He said Okinawa will demand talks with the central government. At the center of contention is a decades-old plan to move a Marine Corps air station from densely populated Futenma in the southern part of the island to less-crowded Henoko on the east coast.
Many Okinawans say the presence of so many US troops on the island is burdensome already and they want the existing Futenma air station closed and its replacement moved off the island entirely. Okinawa Gov. Denny Tamaki, who took office a month ago, has urged Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and other central government officials to stop the Henoko plan and reduce Okinawa’s burdens.
In an interview with The Associated Press on Wednesday, Tamaki said the central government was not giving due consideration to other options. “They say Henoko is the only one, Henoko is the only solution. But we think that it is definitely not the case and that they’re refusing to think critically,” the governor said. “The American side has made multiple proposals under reorganization plans and the Japanese government should consider them.”
Washington’s position is that the dispute should be resolved between Tokyo and Okinawa. Tamaki told the AP he will travel to the US later this month to gain support from Americans on the issue. He said both Japan and the US should listen to the voice of Okinawans.
Tamaki was elected on his campaign promises to block the Henoko base and further reduce US bases on the island. He is the first person with an American parent to lead the island, which was occupied by the US longer than the rest of Japan after World War II. He said he wants to encourage dialogue and bridge the gap on the issue.
The work begun Thursday is preparation for a coastal embankment to be built at the bay ahead of full-fledged landfill work. When completed, the air station will include land reclaimed from Henoko Bay.
Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga told a regular news conference that the timing of sediment filling has not been decided. The Defense Ministry says the base with planned V-shape runways is set to complete in 2022.
Okinawan officials have indicated they may request an injunction to stop the process, which would the latest legal filing between the two sides in recent years. Even though such filings can temporarily stop the work, the central government’s decisions on the issue take precedence.
The relocation of Futenma air station was planned after the 1995 rape of a schoolgirl in which three US servicemen were convicted. The case ignited simmering Okinawan opposition to the USbases.
About half of the 50,000 US troops based in Japan under a bilateral security pact and the majority of their key facilities are on Okinawa. Residents have long complained about base-related noise, pollution and crime.
Tamaki has said he supports the Japan-US security alliance, but that Okinawa should not be the only one sacrificed.